A bronze nib was found in the ruins of Pompei showing that metal nibs were misused in the twelvemonth 79. There is also a pen in Samuel Diarist' diary for Noble 1663. A mixture pen outlet was patented in 1803 but the patent was not commercially misused. Evangel Dancer of Metropolis started to aggregation exhibit pens with element nibs in 1822, and thereafter the dimension of brace nibs had restored enough that dip pens with element nibs came into generalized use. M. Klein and Chemist W. Wynne received US patent 68445 in 1867 for an ink bedchamber and livery grouping in the manipulate of the formation pen. The early arts save of a pool flow pen dates side to the 10th century. In 953, Ma'a-d al-Mu'izz, the Fatimid Mohammedan of Egypt, demanded a pen which would not stain his guardianship or clothes, and was provided with a pen which held ink in a reservoir and delivered it to the nib via sincerity and capillary mechanism. Piece a alumnus in Town, Roumanian Petrache Poenaru re-invented the flow pen, which the Romance Government patented in May 1827. Jet pen patents and production then exaggerated in the 1850s, especially poise pens produced by the identical Evangel Stargazer.